Archaeological evidence shows us that in the Pre-Aryan period goddesses were worshipped. Amba was the Mother goddess.
In the Vedic period the goddesses were submitted to there male gods.
Some goddesses from this Vedic period are:
Usha Hindu goddess of the dawn.
Saravati, Ganga and Yamuna named after the rivers.
Ida: Hindu goddess of prayer and devotion.
Vac: Hindu goddess of speech and mother of the Vedas.
Additi: ZijIndian mother goddess of Vedic Hinduism. Aditi, ‘the boundlesss,the infinite’, was a personification of both the earth and infinity.
Yamuna : Hindu goddess of the river the Yamuna. She was the daughter of the Sun god Surya and sister of Yama (god of the death)
Ganga : Hindu goddess of the river Ganges, whose waters are believed to have great curative and purification powers. The river was believed to flow from the toe of Vishnu. Indian Mythology states that Ganga, daughter of Himavan, King of the Mountains, had the power to purify anything that touched her. Ganga flowed only in the heavens and purified the people of India, according to myths. When dryness and famine threatened mankind Vishnu and Brahma took care that she would also flow on earth but there was a great chance that she would do great harm to the earth. Shiva used his hair to break her fall and power. In this way Ganga could flow also on the earth without doing harm to the earth. Ganga rises in the mountain Kailash, the habitat of Shiva.
Sarasvati: Originally Indian river goddess, later goddess of speech, eloquence and wisdom. In the Vedas, she is the consort of Brahma. She used to be of the three consorts of Vishnu. Due the everlasting quarrels of the women, Vishnu gave her to Brahma.
During time worshipping the Mother Goddess became important again. De Hindu gods had all there own consort. The great Goddess appears as a consort of the principal male gods and encompasses the thousands of local goddesses or matas. These can be both beautiful and benign, like Lakshmi, or all-powerful destructive forces like Kali.
Great Goddess shrines are associated with agriculture and fertility and the female energy, or shakti, is important in ancient texts known collectively as the Tantras.
Shakti is contrasted with Shiva, whose masculine consciousness is powerless without the creative female energy. Shakti, meaning sacred force, power, or energy, is the Hindu concept or personification of the divine feminine aspect, sometimes referred to as ‘The Divine Mother’. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. In Shaktism, Shakti is worshiped as the Supreme Being
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