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Krishna in Sanskrit means Dark. Krishna is blue in colour and wears yellow clothes. Krishna (the Dark one) was a dynamic incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Krishna’s purpose in being born was simple: to kill the demon king Kansa who was conducting a tyrannical rule from his capital in Mathura. This avatar is seen as the most important incarnation of Vishnu.
Krishna, was the son of Devaki, sister of the demon King Kamsa. Kamsa had been informed by the sage Narada, that he would be killed by his nephew. So, he put to death, six of Devaki’s children. The seventh child, Balarama, managed to escape, and the eight, Krishna, was exchanged for a cowherd’s daughter.
It is said that Vishnu pulled out 2 hairs from his head. A black and a white hair and he planted these hairs in the womb of Devaki. From the white hair came Balarama and from the black hair came Krishna.
Krishna, was born in Mathura but was brought to Gokula far away from his evil uncle Kamsa. Here he was cared for by his foster parents, the cowherd Nanda and his wife Yasoda.
Krishna spent his childhood with Nanda and Yasoda in Brindavan. Krishna played lots of games in his childhood.
During his childhood Kamsa sent many demon followers to Vrindavan to kill him but they did not succeed. Krishna killed the demon Pytana and the demon Kaliya, a many-hooded serpent.
The milkmaids of Brindavan were called gopis. These gopis were enchanted by the divine music flowing out of Krishna’s flute. Krishna loved to ply with them. Radha (incarnation of Lakshmi) is the most important of the gopis (cowherd girl) of Vrindavana.
She is the main consort of Krishna and is often seen standing with Him on the altar in temples. Radharani is Krishna’s consort during His pastimes in Vrindavana. She is always shown as a beautiful woman. She is a very important deity for devotees of Krishna (bhakti), because it is believed that one has to get her mercy to be able to approach Krishna properly
Krishna then went to Mathura to kill Kamsa and he became the new king He stayed in Mathura until he was 28. At the age of 28 he moved to Dwarka (present Gujarat) with his people. In Dwarka he married 16,108 wives. His chief wife was Rukmini.
He became Arjuna’s charioteer during the battle of Kurukshetra (Mahabharata).
Here spoke the famous Bhagavad-gita.
Krishna instructs Arjuna, when Arjuna doubts whether to stop fighting or do hid duty
(dharma) as a soldier. It is at that moment when Krishna spoke the famous Bhagavad-Gita and he revels himself as the almighty Lord.
Krishna is usually depicted as playing the flute (murali), indicating spread of the melody of love to people. He is also shown with his childhood devotee Radha. Krishna is usually remembered and worshipped as Radha-Krishna. The pair symbolizes the eternal love between people and god. Krishna is also shown often with his pet cow. Lord Krishna performed many divine sports (leela) as a child.
Krishna’s face is decorated with ornaments, such as earrings shaped like sharks. Krishna has a very beautiful face, His checks are brilliant and Krishna’s smile is attractive to everyone.
Krishna (the black one) has probably his roots in south- India where the dark coloured Dravidians lived.
The name Krishna is first named in the Upanishads.
In the Bhagavad-Gita Purana and the Mahabharata he is described in detail.